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CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):邮寄投票引发争议 美国邮政局暂停改革

日期: 来源:比比西英语网

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And the first story we're explaining today is a controversy concerning mail-in voting in America. Here's a down the middle look at what's going on. Every U.S. state has someway for American's to vote without actually appearing at a polling location. Because of concerns over the spread of coronavirus, interest has exploded in mail-in voting. CNN 10 contributor Kelly Manno has info on how exactly that works. Kelly.
KELLY MANNO, CNN CONTRIBUTOR: Thanks Carl. Now let's take a look at what mail-in or absentee voting means. Traditionally, the majority of voters show up in person to cast their ballots for primary and general elections. Vote by mail's when voters opt out of showing up in person so they cast their ballot through the mail. This process depending on the state usually starts when a voter requests their ballot through the mail. Then election officials send the official ballot to the voter who fills it out and sends it back to be counted. At least 34 states now allow voters to request an absentee ballot without the need of an excuse.
Currently, seven states requiring excuse to vote by mail, places like New York and Texas, still that may change. Other places like California and Nevada have decided to send a ballot to every registered voter even those who didn't apply for the mail option. Carl, the question now remains, with the pandemic creating a once in a lifetime challenge for elections, what impact will this have on the general election in the fall?
AZUZ: Thanks Kelly. That question is at the root of a blooming controversy. The Trump Administration is planning to sue Nevada and at least one other state for their plans to mail a ballot to every voter. Many Republicans and critics of mail-in voting say it increases the risk of fraud in part because election officials like poll workers, won't be there in person to make sure the votes are cast freely and fairly. Many Democrats and supporters of mail-in voting say it's already been shown to work in several states and that it opens up the opportunity to vote to more people.
A number of experts on this issue say it's not clear if mail-in voting benefits one party over the other. But there's no guarantee that either Democrats or Republicans would have an advantage with mail-in ballots. But an American infectious disease specialist says, as long as people follow social distancing guidelines, there's no reason why they can't vote in person this fall. So how all this plays out remains to be seen.

Another layer to this controversy concerns the U.S. Postal Service. This year the agency had planned to limit the overtime hours employees could work and remove some mail sorting machines and public mailboxes. The postal service has been losing money for years and the Post Master General says its plans were meant to cut costs. But critics, including many Democrats, say the changes were made under pressure from the Trump Administration which they accuse of trying to intentionally slow down service in anticipation of more mailed in votes.
The Post Master General denies that and says any further changes will be delayed until after the election. Democratic leaders in the House of Representatives plan to hold a vote this weekend on billions of additional funding for the agency. Experts in the post office itself say it handles far more mail over Christmas than it would through mail-in ballots and that it would have no problem processing them.

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